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10 Largest Grasshoppers in the World

10 Largest Grasshoppers

Often thought of as a symbol of luck, grasshoppers are one of the oldest types of animals in the World, first appearing during the Triassic period 250 million years ago. They are herbivorous insects and have more than 11,000 species worldwide, many of which are considered yet to be discovered. But what is the largest grasshopper in the World? From grasshoppers that look like butterflies to grasshoppers that look like leaves, their appearance and size can vary greatly between species.

#10: Two-Striped Grasshopper

The two-striped grasshopper gets its name from the two yellow stripes that run from its eyes to the tips of its front wings. Their bodies are usually brown or green and have a black stripe down the bottom of their hind legs. Two-striped grasshoppers can reach 1 to 1.6 inches and are found primarily in North America and Canada. They feed on a wide range of plants and crops and are classified as pests because of the damage they cause. However, in their egg stage and as adults, the small parasites, small mammals such as rats, and birds have few predators.

Two-Striped Grasshopper

#9: Northern Grass Pyrgomorph

Sometimes called vegetable grasshoppers, these grasshoppers can reach a length of 1.2 to 1.6 inches. They are commonly found in Australia’s tropical and coastal regions and often in gardens. They are completely green, and their bodies are narrow at each end, often giving them the appearance of a leaf. The presence of northern grass pyrgomorphs is particularly helpful because they do not attempt to escape predators but rather rely on their camouflage to avoid detection. These locusts prefer to eat broad, leafy plants and do not cause much damage in their frequent areas.

Northern Grass Pyrgomorph

#8: Differential Grasshopper

Differential grasshoppers are large, with males measuring 1.5 inches and females about 2 inches long, and are widespread in Canada, Central America, and Mexico. They are usually brown or green with red or yellow antennae. Differential grasshoppers differ from other types because they darken as they age, making it easy to tell which are small and which are large. They often feed in flocks, which means they cause great damage to the crops they eat and are largely classified as pests. Young locusts (nymphs) of this species mature much faster than other grasshoppers, reaching adulthood only 32 days after hatching.

Differential Grasshopper

#7: Large Marsh Grasshopper

The Large Marsh Lobster is the largest locust in the UK and is found in bogs and grasslands prone to getting wet. They prefer to eat grass and grass at the edge of swamps, where they also lay their eggs. The large bog lobster is now found only in the New Forest, and populations elsewhere in the UK in parts of Dorset have declined due to improvements in land drainage. Males can reach lengths up to 1 inch, while females are much larger and about 1.5 inches long. While most are yellow or brown, they can sometimes be vibrant pink.

Large Swamp Grasshopper

#6: Calyptamus Italicus

Next on the list is Calyptamus italicus, a medium-sized grasshopper widespread in Central Asia, North Africa, and Western Europe. They can reach lengths of up to 1.02 inches for males and 1.57 inches for females. Calyptamus italicus is a short-horned grasshopper with shorter antennae than other species. Their bodies are usually grey or brown, and their plumage is usually red or pink. Like all locusts, they are herbivores and feed only on wild plants or occasionally crops.

Calyptamus Italicus

#5: Gray Bird Grasshopper

The grey bird locust, also known as the street grasshopper, is found throughout South America. They are highly adaptable and can live in various habitats, including deserts, mountains, and forests. They have a grey-spotted appearance, and females can reach about 2.6 inches, while males are about 1.8 inches long. The grey bird lobster is one of the best fliers of all lobsters and can fly long distances, even across the ocean. They eat various plants, vegetation, and crops, such as wheat, oats, peanuts, and rye.

Gray Bird Grasshopper

#4: Horse Lubber Grasshopper

The horse work locust is a large grasshopper that can reach a length of 2.75 inches and is found primarily in South America and Mexico. They have a distinctive appearance, with a black body, black and yellow forewings, and red hindwings. Horse lubbers also have orange antennae and orange markings on their heads. Most horse-breathing grasshoppers cannot fly; instead, they rely on their long hind legs, which give them the ability to jump long distances. They also have a defence mechanism as they can produce toxins that they spray that are harmful to any predator.

Horsewood Grasshopper

#3: Eastern Lubber Grasshopper

The eastern lubber grasshopper is also commonly known as the Florida lubber lobster and is found in Southeast and Central America, particularly Florida, Arizona, Georgia, and Texas. Males can reach up to 2.15 inches, while females are slightly larger and can reach around 2.75 inches; however, despite their large size, they only have very short wings that are too small to fly with them. Eastern lubbers are not particularly good at jumping, so they tend to run around and rely on their defence mechanisms to ward off predators.

One of the things that help with their defence is their bright colours, which signal predators that they can fight back. They are usually black with red, orange, or yellow markings that give them an attractive appearance. They also hiss loudly at other animals and produce a thick foam with a bad smell and taste. Eastern Wolfhounds are found in swamps, forests, and ditches and eat various broad-leaved plants.

Eastern Lubber Grasshopper

#2: The Hedge Grasshopper

The largest grasshopper in the World is the hedge locust (Valanga irregularis), also known as the giant locust. They are found in Australia, where they prefer tropical and subtropical regions, often in forests or grasslands. Females typically reach a size of about 3 inches, although some have been known to reach 3.5 inches, while males are much smaller, only reaching 2.15 inches. They have a wide variety of colours and markings with brown or green bodies; however, their plumage can be a range of spots or stripes in brown, green, orange or red. Hedge locusts are usually solitary and generally do not form swarms; therefore, they do not cause much damage to plants or crops and are not classified as a pest species.

The Hedge Grasshopper

#1: Chinese Grasshoppers

The Chinese Grasshoppers is widespread in China, Japan and Indonesia. Females can reach about 3 inches, while males are only 2 inches long. They are usually green or brown, and their plumage is colourless. Chinese locusts have long legs that help them jump long distances in one bound. They are often eaten throughout China and are considered highly nutritious as bird feed. However, they cause extensive damage to crops such as sugarcane, rice, and cotton and are known to be a pest species.

10 Largest Grasshoppers in the World

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