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AFSPA in India: Govt to reduce disturbed areas under AFSPA in Nagaland, Assam and Manipur

AFSPA in India: Govt to reduce disturbed areas under AFSPA in Nagaland, Assam and Manipur

AFSPA in India: The central government has decided to de-escalate the disturbed areas under the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) in Nagaland, Assam and Manipur after decades. Union Home Minister Amit Shah gave this information on 31 March 2022.

The Home Minister tweeted that the government has decided to reduce the disturbed areas under the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) in the states of Nagaland, Assam and Manipur after decades.

Amit Shah tweeted, “Thanks to PM Narendra Modi ji’s unwavering commitment, our Northeast region, which was neglected for decades, is now witnessing a new era of peace, prosperity and unprecedented development. I congratulate the people of North East on this momentous occasion. I give.”

Shah said that the reduction in the areas under AFSPA is the result of rapid development due to the improvement in the security situation and the consistent efforts by PM Modi to end insurgency and bring lasting peace in the North East and several agreements.

AFSPA areas to be reduced in Nagaland, Assam and Manipur: Key details

This decision will significantly reduce the areas under AFSPA in Assam, Nagaland and Manipur from April 1, 2022. The officials, however, clarified that the AFSPA has not been removed completely.

AFSPA area reduced in Assam

The disturbed area notification is in force throughout Assam since 1990. Now, AFPSA will be removed completely from 23 districts of Assam and partially from one district from April 1.

AFSPA area reduced in Manipur

Since 2004, AFSPA is in force in entire Manipur except Imphal Municipality area. Now from April 1, 15 police stations in six districts will be taken out of the AFSPA Act.

AFSPA area reduced in Nagaland

AFSPA is in force in the whole of Nagaland since 1995. The Center has now accepted the recommendation of a committee constituted in this regard to remove AFSPA from the state in a phased manner. AFSPA will be removed from 15 police stations in 7 districts of Nagaland from April 1.

What is the full form of AFSPA?

The full form of AFSPA is Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act.

What is AFSPA?

The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 gives special powers to the Indian Armed Forces to maintain public order in “disturbed areas”. Under the Disturbed Areas (Special Courts) Act, 1976, an area once declared ‘disturbed’ has to maintain status quo for at least 6 months.

AFSPA in India

  • The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act was initially promulgated by the British in 1942 to suppress the Quit India Movement. India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru decided to retain the Act and brought an ordinance and notified it as Armed Forces (Special Powers). Act, 1958.
  • The AFSPA Act was initially applicable to the Naga Hills, which was then a part of Assam. It spread one by one to the other seven sisters of the North-East of India.
  • AFSPA was extended to all seven states of the North-East – Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram and even Punjab, Chandigarh and Jammu and Kashmir.

AFSPA Act: What special powers does it give to the armed forces?

The AFSPA Act empowers the security forces to conduct operations anywhere and arrest anyone without any prior warrant. The Act provides security forces with a certain level of immunity in the event of an operation going wrong.

Section 4 of the AFSPA Act 1958 Provides special powers to the armed forces, authorizes the security forces to arrest, shoot, enter and search any property without warrant, without warrant.

Section 6 of the AFSPA Act Provides immunity to security forces from prosecution or any other legal proceedings.

How many states have AFSPA in India?

AFSPA is currently in force in Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, some areas of Arunachal Pradesh (the areas under the jurisdiction of Changlang, Longding and Tirap districts and eight police stations bordering Assam) and Jammu and Kashmir.

AFSPA in Meghalaya

The Center completely withdrawn AFSPA from eight out of 16 police stations in Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh on March 31, 2018. This act was in force in Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh for almost 27 years.

AFSPA in Tripura

Tripura government removed AFSPA from the state in 2015 after 18 years

AFSPA in Mizoram

The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 was also withdrawn from Mizoram.

AFSPA in Punjab

The AFSPA Act was implemented by the Central Government on 15 October 1983 in the whole of Punjab and Chandigarh. It was withdrawn in 1997, almost 14 years after the Act came into force.

AFSPA in Jammu and Kashmir

AFSPA was implemented in Jammu and Kashmir in September 1990 and has been in force since then.

background

The Assam government on March 1, 2022 extended the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA) for six more months from February 28, 2022, across the state. AFSPA has been increased every six months in the state. 1990 after review by the state government.

The Nagaland cabinet had recommended repeal of the AFSPA Act in the state following an incident in Mon district in which 14 civilians were killed by security forces. Nagaland Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio had demanded from their respective states to abolish AFSPA.

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