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Central Government signs a peace agreement with tea garden workers and tribes in Assam.

Peace Agreement with Tea Garden Workers and Tribes in Assam

A tripartite peace agreement was signed between the Centre, the Assam government, and eight tribal groups in Assam. The agreement was signed between Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma and Home Minister Amit Shah.

A tripartite peace agreement was signed between the Centre, the Assam government, and eight tribal groups in Assam to end a decade-long tribals and tea garden workers crisis. The agreement was signed between Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma and Home Minister Amit Shah on September 15, 2022.

Tribal groups signed the agreement include Birsa Commando Force, Adivasi Cobra Army of Assam, Santhal Tiger Force, Tribal People’s Army, and All Adivasi National Liberation Army. Since 2016, they have been on a ceasefire with the Indian government.

Who was present on the occasion of the peace settlement?

 Rameshwar Teli, MoS, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Hemant Biswa Sarma, Chief Minister, Assam, Pallab Lochan Das, Member of Parliament (LS), Kamakhya Prasad Tasa, MP (RS), Sanjay Kishan, Minister, Govt. Representatives of eight tribal groups from Assam, including Govt. Assam and the Union Home Ministry’s senior officials were present.

What are the components of the agreement?

The agreement was signed to end Assam’s decades-old crisis of tribal and tea garden workers.

Under the agreement, it is the responsibility of the governments of India and Assam to meet the economic, political, and educational aspirations of the tribal groups.

The agreement makes provisions to protect and strengthen the social, cultural, ethnic, and linguistic identities of tribal groups.

The agreement also provides for establishing a Tribal Welfare and Development Council to ensure rapid and focused development of tea gardens. It also provides measures for the rehabilitation and resettlement of armed cadres and the welfare of tea garden workers.

 A special development package of Rs.1,000 crore (Rs.500 crore by the Government of India and the Government of Assam) will be provided for five years for infrastructure development in villages/areas with tribal populations.

In line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of a peaceful and prosperous Northeast, the deal is another important milestone toward freeing Northeast extremism by 2025.

What did the Home Minister say?

The Home Minister said that this agreement will be another important milestone in making the Northeast free from extremism by 2025, in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of a peaceful and prosperous Northeast. He also said that after Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister, many efforts were made toward making the Northeast peaceful and developed. He also said that in Assam, 1,182 activists of tribal groups had joined the mainstream by laying down their arms.

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