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Five Extinct Animals in the last 200 years

Five Extinct Animals

January 1, 1826

Mauritian Blue Pigeon

Habitat: Mauritius Islands (east of Madagascar)

Last seen: 1826

Cause of extinction: hunting, habitat destruction, macaque-eating crabs, and introduced predators.

Mauritius Blue Pigeon national museum of scotland.JPG
The Mauritius blue pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissimus) is an extinct species of blue pigeon that was formerly endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean off Madagascar. Two of its extinct relatives are from the Mascarenes, and three are known to exist from other islands. It is a species of the genus of blue pigeons, Elektroenas. It had white patches around the head, neck, and chest, blue feathers on the body, red on the tail, and bare parts of the head. These colors were considered similar to the Dutch flag, a similarity in its French common name, Dutch pigeon. Juveniles may be partially green. It was 30 cm (12 in) long, larger, and more robust than any other species of blue pigeon. It fed on fruits, nuts, and mollusks, once widespread in Mauritius’s forests.

 

January 1, 1860

Sea Mink

Habitat: Along the east coast of New England and Atlantic Canada

The Last Vision: The Last Credible Vision 1860

Cause of extinction: overhunting for prized fur

Other information: Its fur gave off a distinctive odor.

A wet American mink with pale brown fur, dark brown eyes, long fingers, and a skinny tail. Its head is turned to the right and it is standing on a rock next to water.
The sea mink (Neogale macrodon) is a recently extinct species of mink that lived on the east coast of North America around the Gulf of Maine on the coast of New England. It was most closely related to the American mink (Neogale vision), with ongoing debate as to whether the sea mink should be considered a subspecies of the American mink (such as the Neogale vison macrodon) or a species of its own. The main reason for the designation of a separate species is the difference in size between the two minks, but other distinctions have been made, such as their red fur. The only known remains are bone fragments found in Native American shale middens. Its actual size is speculative, based mainly on tooth remains.

 

January 1, 1922

Barbarian Lion

Habitat: Native to the regions of North Africa

Last seen: 1922

Cause of extinction: mass hunting and habitat loss

Additional information: Considered the heaviest loin subspecies

Barbarian Lion

The Barbary lion, also known as the North African lion, Berber lion, Atlas lion, and Egyptian lion, is a subspecies of the lion, P.L. it is an extinct population. The lion lived in the mountains and deserts of the Barbary Coast of North Africa from Morocco to Egypt. It was abolished after the proliferation of firearms and bounties for killing lions. An extensive review of hunting and sighting records showed that small groups of lions may have survived in Algeria in the early 1960s and Morocco in the mid-1960s. Today, it is locally extinct in the region.

Until 2017, the Barbary lion was considered a separate lion subspecies. Results of morphological and genetic analysis of North African lion specimens showed that Barbary lions do not differ significantly from Asiatic lions and are closely related to lions from western and north-central Africa. Consequently, this northern lion is associated with the Panthera leo Leo subspecies and the Asiatic lion subclass within this subspecies.

 

January 1, 1937

Bali Tiger

Habitat: Native to the small island of Bali off the coast of Indonesia

Last seen: 1937

Cause of Extinction: Extensive hunting and rapid deforestation/habitat loss

Additional information: World War II had a significant impact on the Bali tiger

A Bali tiger killed by M. Zanveld in the 1920s

The Bali tiger was a population of Panthera tigris sondaica on the Indonesian island of Bali, which has been extinct since the 1950s. It was previously considered a distinct tiger subspecies with the scientific name Panthera tigris balalaika, assessed as extinct on the IUCN Red List in 2008. In 2017 the classification of cats was revised, and P.T. was Submitted. Sondaica, which also includes the surviving Sumatran tiger. The results of mitochondrial DNA analysis of 23 tiger samples from the museum’s collection suggest that tigers colonized the Sunda Islands between 11,000 and 12,000 years ago during the last glacial period. In Bali, the previous tigers were recorded in the late 1930s. Some individuals probably survived into the 1940s and possibly the 1950s. The population was hunted to extinction, and its natural habitat was converted to human use.

 

January 1, 2012

Japanese River Otter

Habitat: Coastal and inland waters in Japan

Last seen: 1979

Cause of Extinction: Hunted for its fur so the Japanese could trade it.

Additional information: Many people tried to prove its remaining existence for almost 30 years until it was officially declared extinct in 2012.

Lutra nippon.jpg

It dated back to the 1880s and was also seen in Tokyo. The population suddenly dropped in the 1930s, and mammals almost disappeared. Since then, it has been seen only a few times in the Seto Inland Sea in 1964 and the Uva Sea in 1972 and 1973. The last official sighting was in 1979 in the southern part of Kochi Prefecture, when it was photographed. The mouth of the Shinj River in Susaki. It was later classified as a “critically endangered” species on the Japanese Red List. On August 28, 2012, the Ministry of the Environment officially declared extinct the Japanese otter. It is the official animal symbol of Ehime Prefecture.

Source

पिछले 200 वर्षों में 5 Extinct Animals

 

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