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International Mother Language Day 2022: Why is it Celebrated and Mother Tongues in India

International Mother Language Day 2022

International Mother Language Day 2022: International Mother Language Day 2022 was celebrated across the world on February 21, 2022. The day is observed annually on 21 February to promote awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism.

International Mother Language Day was approved by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization or UNESCO in 1999. This day is celebrated every year since 2000.

According to the United Nations, about 40 percent of the world’s population does not have an education in a language they speak or understand.

International Mother Language Day 2022 Theme

The theme of International Mother Language Day 2022 is “Using Technology for Multilingual Education: Challenges and Opportunities”. Under this year’s theme, UNESCO will discuss the potential role of technology to advance education in different languages ​​and support the development of quality teaching and learning for all.

Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of UNESCO, said on the occasion, ,Technology may provide new tools to protect linguistic diversity. Such tools, for example, allow us to record and preserve languages ​​that sometimes only exist in oral form, to facilitate their dissemination and analysis. Simply put, they make the local dialects a shared heritage. However, because the Internet poses a risk of linguistic homogeneity, we must also be aware that technological progress will serve multilingualism only as long as we try to ensure it”.

Why is International Mother Language Day celebrated?

  • International Mother Language Day is part of a wider initiative to promote the preservation and protection of all languages ​​used by the people of the world.
  • UNESCO believes in the importance of cultural and linguistic diversity for sustainable societies. It also expressed concern over the extinction of languages ​​across the world. Globally, linguistic diversity is increasingly under threat as more and more languages ​​are disappearing.
  • Therefore, UNESCO decided to celebrate International Mother Language Day as a commitment to understand the importance of mother tongue or mother tongue especially in elementary schooling.
  • International Mother Language Day is a step towards showing commitment towards the development of mother tongue in public life.

International Mother Language Day History

The idea of ​​celebrating International Mother Language Day first came from Bangladesh. The idea was approved at the 1999 UNESCO General Conference. This day is being celebrated every year since the year 2000.

International Mother Language Day in India

India celebrated International Mother Language Day as a part of the Amrit Mahotsav of Independence. Vice President Venkaiah Naidu spoke about the importance of International Mother Language Day through a tweet. He said, “Technology can greatly advance the cause of multilingual education and bring about an inclusive educational experience.

mother tongue in india

According to the 2011 census, there are 121 languages ​​and 270 mother tongues in India. There are 22 languages ​​in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution. The census data is divided into two parts, Part 1 which covers 22 languages ​​specified in the Constitution and Part B which includes languages ​​not mentioned in the Schedule.

A total of 123 mother tongues have been classified as scheduled languages ​​and 147 mother tongues are classified under non-scheduled languages.

Some of the widely known mother tongues in India include Punjabi, Bengali, Malayalam, Hindi, Rajasthani, Tamil, Urugu, Telugu, Konkani, Awadhi, Assamese, Manipuri, Haryanvi, Kannada, Oriya, Gujarati and Sindhi.

Other scheduled mother tongues in India include Bhojpuri, Garhwali, Marathi, Maithili, Dogri, Pahari, Chhattisgarhi, Marwari and Sambalpuri.

Some of the non-scheduled mother tongues include Arabic, Kharia, Gujri, Sherpa, Kinnauri, Afghani, English, Baori, Tulu, Mao and Monpa.

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