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World Water Day 2022: Theme, Date, Importance of Groundwater and History

World Water Day 2022: Theme, Date, Importance of Groundwater and History

World Water Day 2022: World Water Day 2022 is celebrated every year on 22 March to create awareness about the importance of fresh water. The United Nations started celebrating World Water Day in 1993.

The theme of World Water Day 2022 is “Groundwater: Making the Invisible Visible”. World Water Day highlights a specific aspect of freshwater every year.

The main objective of World Water Day is to enable the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 6: water and sanitation for all by 2030.

What is the theme of World Water Day 2022?

World Water Day 2022 Theme: The theme of World Water Day 2022 is “Groundwater: Making the Invisible Visible”, UN-Water set the theme at its 30th meeting in Rome last week. It was proposed by the International Center for Groundwater Resource Assessment (IGRAC).

The theme of World Water Day 2022 focuses on the annual World Water Development Report.

Significance of World Water Day:

Why is World Water Day celebrated?

The aim of World Water Day is to spread awareness about water scarcity. Water is the main requirement for sustaining life on earth.

While water covers about 70 percent of the planet, freshwater accounts for only about 3 percent, of which two-thirds is frozen or inaccessible and unavailable for use.

We need fresh water for drinking, other domestic utilities and irrigation of fields. Therefore, around 1.1 billion people worldwide do not have access to fresh water and a total of 2.7 billion people lack water for at least one month in a year.

Why is groundwater important?

Groundwater is the largest source of fresh and usable water in the world. Groundwater meets domestic, agricultural and industrial water needs in many parts of the world, where adequate surface water supplies are lacking.

However, overuse of groundwater is leading to a decline in its level, which will pose a major problem in the coming years.

Top 5 Important Facts About Groundwater

1. Groundwater is invisible, but its effects are visible everywhere.

2. It is out of sight but like a hidden treasure that enriches our lives.

3. Almost all usable freshwater in the world is groundwater.

4. Groundwater will become more important with climate change.

5. Sustainable use of groundwater can also affect surface water supplies.

How can we replenish groundwater?

The groundwater supply is naturally replenished or recharged when it rains or melts snow. However, in some areas, groundwater is used up faster than it can be replenished naturally.

In some other areas groundwater has become polluted due to human activities.

What happens when groundwater runs out?

Groundwater and surface water are linked and, therefore, when groundwater is overused and depleted, the supply of lakes, rivers and streams connected to groundwater can also be reduced.

What is the cause of ground water depletion?

Groundwater depletion is mainly due to continuous groundwater pumping.

United Nations World Water Development Report 2022

The United Nations World Water Development Report 2022 titled “Groundwater – Making the Invisible Visible” was launched on March 21, 2022, just a day before World Water Day. The report was launched at the opening ceremony of the 9th World Water Forum in Dakar, Senegal.

UN World Water Development Report 2022: 7 Key Points

1. The report states that groundwater, which accounts for 99 percent of all liquid freshwater, has the potential to provide tremendous social, economic and environmental benefits and opportunities to societies.

2. Groundwater already provides almost half of the total water used for domestic purposes, including drinking water. However, there has been mismanagement, devaluation and misuse of water resources.

3. The report described groundwater as central to the fight against poverty and achieving food and water security, and even the creation of jobs and socio-economic development.

4. The current reliance on groundwater will only increase due to the increasing demand for water in all regions and increasing disruption in rainfall patterns, the report said.

5. The report further highlights the opportunities and challenges associated with managing groundwater around the world.

6. It aims to establish a clear understanding of the role of groundwater in daily life and the opportunities to optimize its use to ensure long-term sustainability of the water resource.

7. The report states that it all starts with making the invisible visible and action will require strong and concerted efforts to manage and use it sustainably.

The findings of the report will be used to make recommendations to policy makers.

World Water Day History

The idea of ​​establishing World Water Day goes back to 1992 when the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development took place in Rio de Janeiro.

In the same year, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution stating that 22 March would be observed as World Water Day every year since 1993.

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